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Defects and Pathology, Repair and Renewal

  • Module code: AR7403
  • Year: 2017/8
  • Level: 7
  • Credits: 30
  • Pre-requisites: None
  • Co-requisites: None

Summary

The module aims to enable you to develop a deep understanding of building defects and pathology and to develop your ability to recognise the causes of obsolescence and dilapidations in buildings. You will consider the different types of decay which affect building materials and look at approaches to building management and options for effective maintenance. The module will also consider different approaches to building re-use and renewal and to carbon reduction technologies which can be incorporated into a variety of building types.

The module is taught by a series of lectures, seminars and tutorials and you will be expected to take an active part in class and site activities applying your knowledge acquired to worked examples within the tutorial format. Assessment will comprise two individual and one group courseworks.

 

Aims

  • To enable the student to have an appreciation and practice of a variety of building appraisal techniques.
  • To develop in students an awareness of the need for planning, management and maintenance strategies in order to achieve effective building management.
  • To enable the student to recognise the causes of obsolescence and dilapidation.
  • To enable students to gain a working knowledge of defect diagnosis, repair, rehabilitation and renewal processes insofar as they relate to the built environment.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Demonstrate an ability to investigate, diagnose and assess building defects and critically analyse their likely causes.
  • Articulate the analytical skills necessary to demonstrate a critical understanding of building pathology.
  • Demonstrate a deep understanding of why materials deteriorate and the methods of conservation which can be put in place to preserve the building fabric.
  • Establish through inspection and research a building's overall state of repair and prepare appropriate schedules of condition and dilapidation.
  • Critically analyse and evaluate the need and optimum solution for the rehabilitation and renewal of buildings through simulated case study work and advise clients on the complex implications and process of the rehabilitation and renewal of buildings.
  • Plan and critically evaluate a building maintenance programme, which demonstrates a detailed understanding of the options for the integration of carbon reduction technologies within existing and historic buildings.

Curriculum content

  • Inspection of buildings and different survey types.
  • Appraisal of the state of repair of existing buildings.
  • Investigation, identification and diagnosis of defects in existing buildings.
  • Fundamentals of decay in common building materials
  • Investigation of the basic science of materials' degradation .
  • Criteria needed to devise appropriate maintenance strategies.
  • Building condition and appropriate inspections, surveys, reports and schedules.
  • Building adaptation, change of use and sympathetic handling of old and/or redundant buildings with reporting on feasibility.
  • Thermal & acoustic properties of historic materials.
  • Carbon reduction options for existing buildings.
  • Rehabilitation and renewal process
  • Current challenges to historic materials: Pollution, climate change; social and legal requirements; changing user needs
  • Sourcing materials

Teaching and learning strategy

It is assumed that students will have already developed relatively high levels of study skills (including key skills) or general work experience and that they will be well-motivated learners. The combination of learning and teaching methods adopted will reflect this. The teaching and learning strategy is geared towards individual and group exploration of subject material within a framework of given information. The subject material will ensure that students obtain a common base of knowledge and develop and apply that knowledge to different scenarios appropriate to their individual interests.

This lends itself towards dividing teaching into lectures and seminars to impart principles combined with tutorials and discussion groups in which students work will develop their analytical skills and independent thought. Tutorials will provide the opportunity for coursework feed-forward and formative assessment. Where possible and practicable, opportunities will be taken to enhance the student experience by site visits and assist students towards the completion of the practical exercise. Underlying the delivery is the intention that the student should develop their transferable skill base and their abilities as independent learners. 

Throughout appropriate learning, technology such as use of Canvas to ensure access to materials and where appropriate facilities such as on-line discussion boards may be utilised. However, a greater emphasis will be on developing knowledge and skills through practical activities rather than the use of technology, though problem-solving may require use of technologies.

The module will also make use of Canvas for communication and dissemination of information between students and staff.

All courses based in the Kingston School of Art offer students free access to the online video tutorial platform Lynda.com. This provides a wide range of subjects to choose from, many with downloadable exercise files, including software tutorials covering photography, graphics, web design, audio and music, CAD and Microsoft Office software, as well as courses on Business and Management skills. Some of these are embedded in the curriculum and offer additional self-paced learning, others may be taken at will by students wishing to broaden their employability skills in other areas.

Breakdown of Teaching and Learning Hours

Definitive UNISTATS Category Indicative Description Hours
Scheduled learning and teaching activities Lectures/seminars /presentations/ Workshops & exercises Tutorials (small group/individual) Discussion groups External visits 45 27 18 10 20
Guided independent study Applied reading, preparation for lectures, tutorials, preparation and completion of assessments. 180
Total (number of credits x 10) 300

Assessment strategy

Assessment will be through a combination of practical exercises and written reports.  When and wherever possible, site visits will be incorporated into the module to observation the overall condition of buildings and of materials in situ. The brief for the group report will require a complex problem-solving approach by students, which will involve practical investigation and demonstration of knowledge, analysis and conclusion on the part of the students. The group report will also involve an element of oral presentation. There will be opportunities for formative assessment through feedback and feedforward tutorials.

Mapping of Learning Outcomes to Assessment Strategy (Indicative)

Learning Outcome Assessment Strategy
1. Demonstrate an ability to investigate, diagnose and assess building defects and critically analyse their likely causes Practical Exercises & summarising reports
2. Articulate the analytical skills necessary to demonstrate a critical understanding of building pathology Practical Exercises & summarising reports
3. Demonstrate a deep understanding of why materials deteriorate and the methods of conservation which can be put in place to preserve the building fabric. Practical Exercises & summarising reports
4. Establish through inspection and research a building's overall state of repair and prepare appropriate schedules of condition and dilapidation Practical Exercises & summarising reports
5. Critically analyse and evaluate the need and optimum solution for the rehabilitation and renewal of buildings through simulated case study work and advise clients on the complex implications and process of the rehabilitation and renewal of buildings Group and Individual Project
6. Plan and critically evaluate a building maintenance programme, which demonstrates a detailed understanding of the options for the integration of carbon reduction technologies within existing and historic buildings. Practical Exercises & summarising reports

Elements of Assessment

Description of Assessment Definitive UNISTATS Categories Percentage
Practical exercise/report (Individual) Coursework 50%
Project (Group and Individual) Coursework 50%
Total (to equal 100%) 100%

Achieving a pass

It IS NOT a requirement that any element of assessment is passed separately in order to achieve an overall pass for this module

Bibliography core texts

Guidance note (2004) Building Surveys of Residential Property (2nd Edition) RICS Books

Guidance note (2003) Dilapidations RICS Books

Hollis, M. (2005) Surveying Buildings (5th Edition) RICS Books

Hinks, J. & Cook, G. (1997) The Technology of Building Defects, Taylor and Francis

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