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Refugee Art Dealers in the UK from the mid 1930s to the 1960s - New Artists, Networks and Approaches

Ben Uri

TECHNE AHRC PhD Project Studentship in collaboration with BURU (Ben Uri Research Unit for the Study of the Immigrant Contribution to British Visual Culture since 1900) and Kingston School of Art, Kingston University London.

Kingston School of Art and BURU welcome applications for an AHRC-funded Collaborative Doctoral Partnership studentship: Refugee Art Dealers in the UK: New Artists, Networks and Approaches. This is offered under the TECHNE Doctoral Training Partnership Scheme, to begin in October 2019.

Deadline for Expressions of Interest: Monday 3 December 2018: 5.00pm (GMT)

Interviews: Week beginning the 10 December 2018

Project supervisors:

Professor Fran Lloyd and Dr Jonathan Black, in collaboration with Sarah MacDougall, Head of BURU and Head of Collections, and Rachel Dickson, Senior Research Manager and Head of Curatorial Services

Project Vision

This project proposes a critical, in-depth study of the role of refugee art dealers in London from the mid 1930s to the 1960s. The majority of refugee art dealers, forced to flee from Nazi Germany and Austria due to their Jewish roots, arrived in London between 1933 and 1938. These included German-born Gustav Delbanco and Henry Roland who later founded the contemporary art gallery Roland, Browse and Delbanco in Cork Street in 1946; the Austrians Harry Fisher and Frank Lloyd who met in the Pioneer Corps in Britain and established Marlborough Fine Art in 1948; German-born Erica Brausen who opened the Hanover Gallery in 1947; Annely Juda (born Anneliese Emily Brauer in Kassel) who opened the Molton Gallery in 1960 before founding Annely Juda Fine Arts in 1968, and the artist Jack Bilbo (Hugo Baruch) who opened The Modern Art Gallery in October 1941 in Baker Street. Other notable contemporary art dealers include the Hungarian-Jewish refugee Andras Kalman who opened the Crane Kalman Gallery in the Brompton Road in 1957. Other less well-known figures include Lea Bondi Jaray, Grete Ring, Herbert Bier, Francis Matthieson Zatzenstein and William Ohly.

The research aims to investigate and document the diverse roles that such little researched refugees of both sexes played in the opening up of the British art world to engage with new forms of modern and contemporary art, both local and international, innovative gallery systems and the forging of links between differing communities of refugees, and national and international artists and collectors. This may entail analysis of differing concepts of the value of art, approaches to the sites of display, the differing skills and strategies at play in the promotion of European art alongside British art, their support of refugee artists and engagement with refugee networks.

After an initial literature review, the majority of the research will be archive and collection based, initially researching the extensive art collection and archives of BURU alongside other private and public collections. Informed by current research on refugee experience, exile and diaspora, and oral histories the project enables the selected applicant to focus on specific case studies or themes that would be realized through the thesis and an accompanying exhibition at the Ben Uri that speaks to a wide range of audiences. It is anticipated that the exhibition will draw upon public and private art collections and archives and that the selected student will gain knowledge of all aspects of curation, including loan management. Workshops and public events will offer opportunities to test out and refine the research in progress and to engage diverse audiences.

The studentship will be based in The Visual and Material Culture Research Centre at Kingston University. During the research process, the student will divide their time between the BURU and Kingston University, where a full academic training and development programme is provided. Visits to other archives and institutions will also be required from time to time based on the developing research focus.

For informal enquires about the project contact Professor Fran Lloyd, Director of The Visual and Material Culture Research Centre:

Award Details

Subject to AHRC eligibility criteria, the studentship covers tuition fees and a grant (stipend) towards living expenses. AHRC studentship rates for 2019-20 are yet to be announced - the doctoral stipend for 2018-19 was £16,777 (three years full-time or part-time equivalent for six years); levels are likely to rise slightly for 2019-20. Collaborative Doctoral Students also receive an additional stipend of £550. Students can apply for an additional six months stipend to engage in extended development activities such as work placements. See AHRC funding and training for full details.

As a TECHNE student, the selected applicant will have full access to the TECHNE Doctoral Training Partnership development activities and networking opportunities, joining a cohort of almost 60 students per year from across ten universities in London and the south-east.

Student Eligibility

Applicants will have a Master's degree in the history of art, visual culture, museums and galleries, art market studies or cultural geography. They should have some knowledge of modern and contemporary art in Europe and an interest in refugee and/or diasporic studies. Experience of working with archives and collections is desirable. During the project the student will gain in-depth knowledge of the varied roles refugee art dealers played in Britain and the local, national and international networks they developed and the challenges they encountered. They will also acquire practical and analytical skills through working with archives and collections, exhibition curating, and organising and contributing to public events that will enhance their employability.

Applicants must satisy AHRC eligibility requirements and terms and conditions: International (overseas) students are not eligible to apply for AHRC studentships and EU students may be eligible for fees and maintenance, or fees only.

The proposed studentship (subject to selection by the TECHNE Panel in spring 2019) will fund a full-time PhD studentship for three years or part time study for up to six years (50% FTE and above).

Application Process

Please send your expression of interest for this project by email to:

Emily Bowles:

Please title your email 'CDA: BURU'.

Applications should comprise of the following:

  • 1-2 page statement outlining your interest in this research project
  • A copy of your first degree and postgraduate qualifications
  • A current CV (no more than 2 pages)
  • A sample of your academic work

Applications must be received by Kingston University no later than Monday 3 December 2018: 5.00pm (GMT)

Interviews for shortlisted candidates will be in the week beginning the 10 December 2018.

The selected candidate will then be supported by supervisors and partners to complete a TECHNE application for final submission to TECHNE by Thursday 21 February 2019.

Results of this second stage competition will be known by April 2019.


Please contact us for more research funding information.

Kingston School of Art
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