Constance Gnanasagaran



I hold the titles of Chartered Engineer and Senior Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at Kingston University's Roehampton Vale campus. My academic journey at Kingston began in September 2021, following an enriching 5-year tenure at Guildford College in the UK. Prior to my UK adventure, I dedicated over 7 years to teaching Mechanical Engineering at various esteemed universities in Malaysia.

My expertise spans a wide spectrum, covering Materials, Mechanics, Manufacturing, Structures, and Project Management. At Kingston University, I have the privilege of sharing knowledge across these domains with students at all levels, from Level 3 to MSc.

In parallel with my teaching, I derive immense satisfaction from my research pursuits. My primary area of interest revolves around Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. My vision is to become a distinguished tissue engineer who opens doors for young engineers to explore the fascinating world of medical engineering, with a special focus on Bone Tissue Engineering.

Within Bone Tissue Engineering, my research encompasses a diverse array of intriguing subfields, including Additive Manufacturing, Bioprinting, Vascularization Studies, and Wound Healing Stimulations. These areas collectively form the foundation of my quest to contribute to the development of innovative solutions for bone-related medical challenges.

Moreover, my current research horizon extends to the captivating realm of Industry 4.0, where I'm actively exploring the integration of advanced technologies into my research projects.

Beyond my academic and research endeavors, I contribute as a board member to the Biomedical Division of IMechE UK, striving to foster innovation in the field. Additionally, I find fulfillment in my role as a mentor within the Women in Engineering Society, UK, where I aim to inspire and support the next generation of engineering talent.

Academic responsibilities

Senior Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering


  • MSc Mechanical Engineering (Uniten, Malaysia)
  • Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (Hons.) (Uniten, Malaysia)
  • FHEA
  • CEng MIMechE

Teaching and learning

I teach Mechanics of Materials, Engineering Materials, Selection and Application of Materials, Quality Management, Project Management, Mechanical Design Processes, Sustainability and Entrepreneurship.

Qualifications and expertise

  • Material Science and Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Dynamics
  • Project Management / Agile Project Management
  • Quality Management and Control
  • Sustainability in Engineering and Design
  • Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Undergraduate courses taught

Postgraduate courses taught


My research interest are following :

  • Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine
  • Biomaterials/Biocomposites
  • Additive manufacturing of tissue engineering scaffolds
  • Mechanical and rheological properties of engineering biomaterials
  • Industry 4.0 

  • Advanced composites
  • Automated composite lay-up
  • Advanced composite manufacturing
  • Sustainability, life cycle assessment and bio-composites.
  • Waste based composites

So far, I am leading 3 grants which are the Kickstarter grant  - £9.9k, Research Capital Fund (RCF) worth £39k and Women in Science and Health fund worth £7700. I am also co-investigating in BIG Hot House Project worth £30k.All these funding focuses on Tissue Engineering, Advanced Ceramics and Composites. 

Qualifications and expertise

  • MSc Mechanical Engineering (Engineering Ceramics)
  • Material Science and Engineering

Areas of specialism

  • Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)
  • Rapid Prototyping
  • Biomaterials and Bioengineering
  • Implantable Materials (Bone and Dental Grafts)
  • Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Scholarly affiliations

  • Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kingston University London
  • Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (The National University of Malaysia)
  • Teesside University
  • University of Hull, UK
  • Ulster University, UK
  • Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Malaysia
  • Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia


Number of items: 15.


Ramachandran, Karthikeyan and Gnanasagaran, Constance L. (2024) Life cycle assessment of sugarcane bagasse based natural composites prepared via vacuum bagging technique. Bioresource Technology Reports, p. 101811. ISSN (print) 2589-014X (Epub Ahead of Print)

Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Azadani, Meysam Nasr, Ravichandran, Prithviraj, Shivaprakash, Nithyasri Bangalore, Obi, Martins and Gnanasagaran, Constance L. (2024) Failure mechanics of fused filament fabricated nylon/carbon reinforced composites. Progress in Additive Manufacturing, ISSN (print) 2363-9512 (Epub Ahead of Print)

Gnanasagaran, Constance L., Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Kumar, Vishaal Harikrishna, Ramachandran, Vishwanathan and Rangarajan, Murali (2024) Influence of infill patterns on mechanical properties of 3D printed Al₂O₃ ceramics via fused filament fabrication. Ceramics International, ISSN (print) 0272-8842 (Epub Ahead of Print)

An, Xinyi, Chong, Perk Lin, Zohourkari, Iman, Roy, Sandipan, Merdji, Ali, Gnanasagaran, Constance Linda, Faraji, Foad, Moey, Lip Kean and Yazdi, Mohammad Hossein (2023) Mechanical influence of tissue scaffolding design with different geometries using finite element study. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, ISSN (print) 0954-4119 (Epub Ahead of Print)

Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Gnanasagaran, Constance L, Pazhani, Ashwath, Kumar, Vishaal Harikrishna, Xavior, M. Anthony, Subramani, R Ram and Arunkumar, T. (2023) Impact behaviour of MWCNTs reinforced YSZ and Al₂O₃ ceramic-nanocomposites prepared via vacuum hot-pressing technique. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 24, pp. 6595-6603. ISSN (print) 2238-7854

Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Gnanasagaran, Constance L, Subramani, R Ram, Boopalan, Vignesh and T, Arunkumar (2023) Influence of ceramic nanoparticles on fatigue life of Al 6061 prepared via ultrasonic aided rheo-squeeze casting process. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, ISSN (print) 2374-068X (Epub Ahead of Print)

Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Gnanasagaran, Constance L and Vekariya, Ashish (2023) Life cycle assessment of carbon fiber and bio-fiber composites prepared via vacuum bagging technique. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 89, pp. 124-131. ISSN (print) 1526-6125

Sabri, Ban Ali, Satgunam, Meenaloshini, Manap, A., Gnanasagaran, Constance L. and Ramachandran, Karthikeyan (2023) Physical and chemical investigation of TiO₂ nanotubes treated with isopropyl triisostearoyl titanate (KR-TTS). Journal of Nanomaterials, 2023, p. 7961857. ISSN (print) 1687-4110

Gnanasagaran, Constance Linda, Ramachandran, Karthikeyan, Ramesh, S., Ubenthiran, Sutharsini and Jamadon, Nashrah Hani (2022) Effect of co-doping manganese oxide and titania on sintering behaviour and mechanical properties of alumina. Ceramics International, ISSN (print) 0272-8842 (Epub Ahead of Print)

Linda, C., Meenaloshini, S., Zaimah, H. and Noor Zaimah, M. (2014) An analysis on the implementation of industrial training for mechanical engineering students in Uniten. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 4(5), pp. 664-669. ISSN (print) 2226-5139

Conference or Workshop Item

Gnanasagaran, Constance (2023) Degradation, bioactivity and cytotoxicity evaluation of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) reinforced with nano-calcium phosphate (nCaP) and chitosan for bone regeneration. In: 3rd Edition of International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 21-23 Aug 2023, London, U.K.. (Unpublished)

Gnanasagaran, Constance, Ramachandran, Karthikeyan and Chong, Perk Lin (2023) Influence of infill patterns on mechanical properties of 3D printed ceramics Al₂O₃ via fused deposition modelling for biomedical applications. In: UK Society for Biomaterials (UKSB) Annual Conference 2023; 20-21 Jun 2023, Belfast, Northern Ireland. U.K.. (Unpublished)

Gnanasagaran, C., Ramesh, S., Ibrahim, Zunaidi and Sutharsini, U. (2021) Sintering behaviour of alumina doped with small amounts of manganese and titania. In: 8th Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2021 (BICET 2021); 08-10 Nov 2021, Brunei Darussalam (held online).

Linda, Constance, Long, Chua Yaw, Tiong, Tay Tee and Yan, Koh Yit (2016) Overview of peer review assessment for mechanical design process project in Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia. In: SEAAIR 2016 16th Annual Conference; 21-23 September 2016, Suan Dusit University, Thailand.. (Submitted)

Constance, L., Ramesh, S., Ting, C.H. and Tan, C.Y (2009) Effect of sintering additives on the properties of alumina ceramic. In: National Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Science & Technology NPC2009; 25-26 March 2009, Perak, Malaysia.. (Unpublished)

This list was generated on Fri Apr 19 06:48:52 2024 BST.

Business, knowledge transfer and international

One of the most powerful models of learning in my opinion is the Bloom's Taxonomy. This is particularly useful as my teaching styles involves a lot of problem based approach. I deliver this through group discussions, projects, research works and debates to name a few. I usually collect work samples from the workshops, especially the faulty ones as a teaching resource. Using the Bloom's Taxonomy as a reference, I always start the teaching process with a basic question, which may relate to the recent topics that I would have covered in a lesson. From there, I will try and scaffold the learners to a more deeper learning, covering each stage of the taxonomy. This allows all my learners to engage in the lesson more effectively as active discussions are always something that learners can anticipate in my classroom. This encourages surface learners to dig a little deeper into a topic, and the higher level learners to challenge themselves even more. Bloom's Taxonomy have proved time and time again that it encourages creative thinking to encourage innovation amongst the learners, especially those who are about to graduate. It hinders learners from being in complacency with what they already know and helps them to keep weaving through the knowledge to a stage of continuous learning and improvement. This attitude is extremely important for engineering graduates and it is one of the most valued attribute by the industry as well.

Qualifications and PROFESSIONAL expertise

  • Level 5 C&G Diploma in Education and Training
  • FHEA
  • CEng MIMechE

Areas of interest

  • Research
  • Teaching & Learning

Industry links

  • UKM Malaysia
  • UM Malaysia
  • Centre for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, PPUKM, Malaysia

Professional practice, knowledge exchange and impact

Qualifications and expertise

  • FHEA
  • Diploma in Education and Training - DTLLS (C&G)

Professional and scholarly affiliations

  • Board Member of the Biomedical Research Division IMechE
  • Member of Women in Engineering Society UK
  • Member of UK Society for Biomaterials

Leadership and management

Qualifications and expertise

  • Chartered Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineer (CEng)
  • FHEA

University responsibilities

  • Module Leader - EG5014 Engineering Project Management
  • Module Leader - ME7745 Quality Management
  • Research Lead - Tissue Engineering

Public and CIVIC roles

  • Mentor - Women in the Engineering Society