Future of Work and Organisations Research Hub (FoWO)

We contribute to reducing inequalities at work to promote sustainable health, wellbeing and livelihoods in both the Global North and Global South, notably through examining technology-based solutions to ways of working and organising.

The Future of Work and Organisations Research Hub (FoWO) brings together academics and practitioners in the fields of occupational psychology, human resource management, employee relations, and management. We are specifically engaged with research on the work and organisational challenges presented by our rapidly evolving socio-technological environment. We are committed to research that can ensure fair access to meaningful work which promotes individual wellbeing and organisational performance.

About the FoWO research hub

FoWO comprises 10 core researchers with backgrounds in occupational psychology, human resource management, employee relations, and management.

Our research interests are focused on the work and organisational challenges presented by our rapidly-evolving environment. Technological developments are a key driver of change, leading to work which is both more demanding and precarious. Responses to this challenge require a deep understanding of the impact on different groups inside and outside the workforce to ensure fair access to meaningful work which promotes individual wellbeing and organisational performance.

Through our research, we aim to make an impact on society with solutions which address this challenge by collaborating with business, government, and civil societies.

Hub members

Academic lead:

Core members:

Associate members:

PhD students:

  • Abdul Karim
  • Abdulrahman Alsoaery
  • Aditya Tandon
  • Ana Pedro
  • Andre Mostert
  • Anne Motan
  • Ashvin Mohindra
  • Bettina Gardasz
  • Bijal Dodwani
  • Cristina Oliva
  • David Edwards
  • Enoch Opare Mintah
  • Fanni Szigetvari
  • Helen Hallpike
  • Joe Agyei
  • Jongseok Rim
  • Julie Mallet
  • Kamal Salami
  • Kamau Winnie
  • Kazi Afzal Hossain
  • Khalid Ambu-Saidi
  • Kocheva Natalia
  • Kristina Hani-Elaoud
  • Kyung Mo Koo
  • Mark Winter Dean
  • Mary-Anne Pilkington
  • Mayuri Vekaria
  • Nancy Biney
  • Nikita Richards
  • Nishanth Bhimireddy
  • Okoye Lilian
  • Oselunamie Ebhomielen
  • Peter Martins Da Silva
  • Pratheepan Tharmalingam
  • Rafal Szymanski
  • Rebecca Burke
  • Rytis Radavicius
  • Sinclair Tim
  • Sopreye Thompson
  • Staju Jacob
  • Unisa Dizo-Conteh
  • Vittorio Scuderi
  • Zahra Nazari
  • Zoltan Der

Current research

Ongoing research and research in development includes focus on:

  • Coherence, spanning, and multi-team systems
  • Career patterns of women, minority groups and young graduates
  • Creative and entrepreneurial ways of organising
  • Diversity climate and health and safety at work
  • Engagement of employees
  • Gender and ethnic harassment in the workplace
  • Global virtual teams and marginalised voices
  • Precarious work and employee voice particularly in the Global South
  • Remote working, status, and wellbeing
  • Sustaining high performance in a rapidly evolving environment
  • Understanding elites and their changing influence at work and on organisations

Funded projects:

  • COVID-19 Pandemic and Work Disruptions – Christina Butler and Audra Mockaitis (Maynooth University)
  • Experiencing and regulating precarious work in the "Global South": Evidence from South Africa and Nigeria Africa – Enda Hannon
  • Gender, ethnic background, and harassment experiences: Implications for mental health – Hans-Joachim Wolfram and Niki Giatras
  • Individual Learning in Multi-team Organisations – Olli-Pekka Kaupilla (Neoma Business School), Katja Einola (Stockholm School of Economics) and Christina Butler
  • Safety Climate and Service Access during COVID-19: a preliminary study in healthcare sector – Anna Paolillo
  • Spanning and Coherence in Cultural Evaluations – Sarah Otner and Dustin S. Stoltz (Lehigh University)
  • Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How star scientists influence their co-authors –Nathan E Betancourt (University of Amsterdam), Torsten Jochem (University of Amsterdam) and Sarah Otner
  • The mediating role of basic needs satisfaction between diversity climate and affiliative and challenging citizenship behaviours: a preliminary study – Anna Paolillo
  • Young Graduates – Christina Butler and Ricardo Rodrigues (King's College London).

Events and seminars

External events

  • 28 November 2022: Employee relations and working in a unionised environment - Ms Jo Willoughby, Head of HR Advice and Reward, UK; Chair the Surrey & North Hants CIPD. The guest speaker provided a theoretical and practical, insightful session on factors which influence employee relations in the workplace, highlighted cultural and organisational issues, as well as discussed the role of unions and its contribution to employment matters.
  • 13 December 2022: HRM & AI: Current Issues and Future Challenges - Dr. Pamela Lirio, Associate Professor, L'Université de Montréal; Megan Butler, Future Of Work Strategist, Rizing & University of Leeds; Lara Montefiori, Head of Psychometrics, Multiverse & Lecturer, UCL and Alan Walker, Co-founder, Udder. The panel discussion focused on contemporary issues, practices, and future challenges for HR practitioners and the critical role of AI in management from a range of perspectives, including understanding and using the data, key ethical considerations, best practices in implementation, and the data science behind the scenes. They also reviewed the AI implementation companies are opting for different HR operations and solutions to key HR challenges.
  • 6 February 2023: Clarity, Commitment & Accountability - Donald Cooper, University Speaker, Entrepreneur, Business Consultant/Coach, Toronto, Canada. The guest speaker, via applications of research findings and professional experience, presented the importance of clarity in a business environment, highlighting the corporate and business factors that influence clarity, commitment, and accountability. He critically discussed the business key challenges and presented his research findings on ‘The Truth About Vision and Mission and Organisational Behaviour." He also illustrated the organisational factors that cause constraints for employees to show commitment and accountability, providing research findings and practical applications on "how' employee commitment and accountability can be developed in the workplace.

Internal events

  • 9 May 2022: Addressing the Elephant in the Room: Why Workplace Wellbeing Strategies Still Struggle to Succeed - Ngozi Weller, Management training consultant, MHFA, Speaker, Coach and Entrepreneur. The speaker presented practical insights on why mental health and wellbeing are important in today's workplace and how implementing wellbeing strategies and personal development programs enables organisations to strengthen their employees' mental resilience, prevent burnout, and improve workplace productivity for a thriving workplace. She also talked about the Aurora 360?™ wellbeing strategies, workshops, and 1:1 and group coaching programmes for corporate employees, both in-person and online.
  • 17 November 2022: Academic Publishing - Professor Yehuda Baruch, Southampton University, UK. The workshop focused on the issues of publishing, reviewing and performing editorial work as part of knowledge creation in academia; it addressed the "mystery" of journal publication processes de-mystifying the process and explaining what happens behind the scenes - the internal operations and decision processes taking place at various journals, explaining how the system works, analysing the dominant rules, the ‘psychological contract' between the journal editor and the writer of a paper recommending mechanisms of keeping ‘things' under control.
  • 24 May 2023: Building your career community - Prof. Alex Hill. The purpose of the session was to "Explore how you can find and develop the right relationships to stimulate and progress your research, to help maximise its impact."

Hub conversations

  • 29 November 2021: Introduction to the hub and its members - Christina Butler & Enda Hannon
  • 15 December 2021: Research Funding: opportunities and support - Phil Lomas
  • 9 February 2021: Journey to professorship and undertaking impacted-focused research Alex Hill
  • 21 February 2022: Conducting a systematic literature review - Stephen Gourlay & Robert Elves
  • 16 May 2022: PhD student presentation - Vittorio Scuderi
  • 15 June 2022: Scale Validation in Occ. Psych. & HR research - Anna Paolillo & Jean Wei

Hub practitioner fora

Autumn Forum – 11 October 2021, 16.00 – 17.30

We opened National Work Life Week with a "fireside chat"-style conversation with thought leaders:

  • Speaker 1: Dr Kaumudi Misra, Assistant Professor of Management, and expert in work-life conflict & work-life flexibility
  • Speaker 2: Dr Frederick Harry Pitts, Lecturer in Work, Employment, Organisation & Public Policy; Theme Champion for Work Futures and Co-Editor of Futures of Work online magazine
  • Speaker 3: CIPD Representative: Jonny Gifford, Research Advisor

Winter Forum – 16 December 2021, 17.00 – 18.00

For a discussion of organising from the margins, we welcomed:

Mid-Winter Forum – 31 January 2022, 16.00 – 17.30

For a discussion of sustainable workplace innovation, we welcomed:

Early Spring Forum – 4 April 2022, 12:00-13:30

Identifying the impact of women's health on work, across the life course. Hosted by Victoria Walsh with guests:

  • Claire-Louise Knox, Founder – See Her Thrive (also a KBS Alumna)
  • Anissa Gmir – Senior Human Resources Business Partner, Mars Wrigley
  • Sandra Farquharson FCIPD, Assistant Director People & OD, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames

Late Spring Forum – 9 May 2022, 12:30-13:30

Mental Health Awareness Week, Ngozi Weller (Aurora Wellness UK) hosted by Dr. Niki Giatras

Postgraduate opportunities

FoWO Hub members are accepting applications for PhD supervision. You will find examples of topics listed below. We strongly encourage you to contact the supervisor(s) directly to discuss your application.

Future of work and organisations

Topic: Understanding the consequences for emotional wellbeing of long-term global virtual teams
Supervisor: Dr Christina Butler

It is widely recognised that teams embedded in a global virtual environment are more complex than their face-to-face counterparts in two important ways:

  1. A global environment increases diversity in terms of national cultures
  2. A virtual context increases communication challenges.

Consequently, individuals need to be especially skilled communicators who are always available but often isolated. The aim of this project is to investigate how the tension between flexibility and isolation impacts the emotional wellbeing of team members.

Topic: Understanding the experience of women in global virtual teams
Supervisor: Dr Christina Butler

It is widely recognised that teams embedded in a global virtual environment are more complex than their face-to-face counterparts in two important ways:

  1. A global environment increases diversity in terms of national cultures,
  2. A virtual context increases communication challenges.

While we understand some of the challenges women face in face-to-face environments (such as micro-aggressions and language style differences), we have little understanding of how women experience work life as a member of a remote, often global, team. The aim of this project is to investigate how women navigate work in this environment and to propose practices to enhance inclusion.

Topic: 'Engagement' at work: exploring self-image and work experience
Supervisor: Dr Stephen Gourlay

We all have a variety of images of who we are – our self-image or self-concept – which affects how we think, feel, and behave. The aim of this project is to identify the kinds of self-image active in different employment work contexts to explore the saliency of such self-images for the individual, the degree of temporal persistence and consequence of self-images for the individuals concerned, and to identify consequences for work activities. This is likely to take the form of detailed case studies of a sample of individuals in their wider (work and non-work) contexts.

Topic: Experiencing, contesting and regulating precarious work
Supervisor: Dr Enda Hannon

Precarious forms of work and employment have become increasingly pervasive over the last two decades, with profound implications for workers' economic livelihoods, security and experience of work. This project will examine workers' experience of precarious work and labour market actors' efforts to contest, mitigate and regulate this phenomenon. The PhD research would contribute to these objectives utilising quantitative and qualitative research methods with a focus on particular national, regional or sectoral contexts.

Topic: Trade unions and state Industrial strategies in current times
Supervisor: Dr Enda Hannon

Industrial strategy returned to the forefront of national political and policy agendas following the global financial crisis of 2008. There have been calls for greater trade union input into the formulation and implementation of state industrial strategy however little is known about their capacities and approaches in this regard. This project will explore these issues using mixed methods drawing on primary and secondary data.

Topic: How to create and sustain high performance
Supervisors: Professor Alex Hill and Dr Ki-Soon Hwang

Organisations are continually looking for ways to improve their performance. However, very few have managed to do this. Which is why the average lifespan of a US S&P 500 company has fallen by 80% in the last 80 years (from 67 to 15 years), and 76% of UK FTSE 100 companies have disappeared in the last 30 years. This research project will try to understand how some organisations have managed to go against the grain, and have managed to build and evolve an organisation over time, so that it is able to sustain a high level of performance for thirty years, or more. The purpose of this project is to then develop concepts, ideas, tools and techniques that other organisations can then use, to help them develop and sustain a high level of performance too.

Topic: New creative/entrepreneurial ways of working/organising from organisations and communities in Africa, Latin America and Europe
Supervisor: Dr Miguel Imas

This project explores how communities and organisations in Africa, Latin America and Europe re-imagine work and organisation from decolonial/postcolonial approaches, adopting more creative practices to sustain life.

Topic: Non-linear career trajectories
Supervisor: Dr Sarah Otner

The employment path wherein an individual joins an organisation as a trainee and progresses up a hierarchy until retirement has shifted from the modal model to a rarity. Instead, careers now are likely to include lateral moves, pauses or breaks, returns/re-entry, and co-recruitment or cluster hires. This project will investigate the drivers and the consequences of this non-linear working life.

Topic: The evaluation of elites
Supervisor: Dr Sarah Otner

Sociology has long recognised that the top social status tier – whether classified by talent, resources, of performance – experience the world differently than do the majority. Until recently, there was general consensus that the elite/mainstream divide was the only threshold that mattered. Now, research – driven by this project – will examine categorization, evaluation, and other status dynamics within the upper echelon.

Topic: Inclusive work climates and organisational citizenship behaviours
Supervisor: Dr Anna Paolillo

This project aims to explore how shared perceptions of diversity and inclusion can have an impact on extra role behaviours (namely, organisational citizenship behaviours or OCB). Although those behaviours are discretionary and not explicitly recognised by the formal reward system, they have been demonstrated – among other positive outcomes – to constructively challenge the organisational status quo, making innovative suggestions for change. The influence of climates for diversity and inclusiveness on OCB will be investigated, considering other intervening variables at the organisational and individual level, such as organisational commitment, empowerment, perceived organisational support and personality variables. This project is likely to take the form of survey questionnaires as the main method of data collection, adopting a multilevel methodology.

Topic: Gender inequality in pay
Supervisor: Dr Jean (Qi) Wei

Gender inequality in pay is still among the most pressing challenges in society. Research on the gender way gap has unearthed inequality barriers at the job, group and organisational levels of analysis. However, research rarely extends beyond the organisational level. This project aims to examine how the broader social context affects gender pay inequality and explore how the unfair treatment impacts on women's lives (such as their health, careers, and relationship).

Topic: Mosaic careers in the context of freelancing
Supervisor: Dr Jean (Qi) Wei

Unusual forms of work arrangement and organisation have not played a major role in the current HRM research, even if they have gained some importance in practice. This project concentrates on temporary organising in the context of freelancing. The overall aim is to explore the complexities involved in how freelancers understand and experience the mosaic careers which are made of fragments, and have limited transparency, predictability, or procedural justice.

Topic: Demographic diversity and deep-level diversity as moderator variables in work psychology
Supervisor: Dr Hans-Joachim Wolfram

Demographic variables (such as gender and ethnic background) and deep-level variables (such as self-concept and identity centrality) may influence how people experience and respond to affective events. A range of positive and negative events as well as various outcome variables fit with this research area. A current project, with Dr Niki Giatras of Kingston University, examines harassment experiences and indicators of mental health. Due to the, partly, exploratory nature of the research, combining qualitative and quantitative approaches appears to be promising. Experimental designs (such as vignette studies) may be helpful as well.

Contact us

Dr Christina Butler
Future of Work and Organisations Research Hub
Kingston Business School
Email: christina.butler@kingston.ac.uk