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The Communications theme includes wireless and multimedia communications, 5G networks, smart devices and infrastructures, immersive environments, mobile infrastructure, media broadcasting and media streaming.
To support these activities, Kingston University invested in a Centre for Augmented and Virtual Reality Environments that includes a user experience laboratory equipped to industrial standards, a light-field (or plenoptic) camera, light-field display, and high-resolution dynamic vision sensor (or neuromorphic) cameras.
Compression and transmission of data generated by neuromorphic sensors (Martini) Neuromorphic sensors mimic how mammals' eyes process information, quickly and efficiently detecting light changes in their field of vision. These state-of-the-art cameras require innovative ways to process and transmit efficiently information they captured. By applying temporal data aggregation, arranging the data in a specific format, and taking advantage of lossless video encoding techniques, high compression ratios can be achieved. This work was published in IEEE Internet of Things Journal (2020).
Mobile healthcare (M-health) for chronic disease management and decision support systems (Philip) Mobile health (M-health) applications are becoming increasingly popular as an ideal tool to monitor the long-term health conditions of a patient. They play a key role in the emerging monitoring and sensor technologies such as fitness trackers to surgical rehabs that improve the patient's safety and quality of healthcare. In particular, collected data can be analysed automatically in real-time to support clinicians' decision making. A new methodology addressing kidney disease detection was published in IEEE Sensors Journal (2020)
Design, implementation, and evaluation of the next generation communication network concept for Public Protection and Disaster Relief agencies (G.C., Politis and Pfluegel). Supported by network operators and industry, it provides security, privacy, seamless mobility, quality of service, and reliability support for mission-critical Private Mobile Radio voice and broadband data services. This work was published in IEEE Wireless Communications (2019).
Multimedia Quality of Experience (N. Barman & Martini). Recent years have seen increasing growth and popularity of 3D video applications and services. They have been supported by the increasing 3D video content, affordable 3D displays, and standardization activities. However, not much attention has been given to how these technologies, along the end-to-end chain from content capture to display, affect user perception and whether the overall experience of 3D video users is satisfactory or not.
Medical images and videos play a major role in modern e-health services and have become an integral part of medical data communication systems. However, a major challenge is that compressed data must be diagnostically reliable. Investigation of the performance of the emerging video compression standard was published in the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics (2014).
While interactive gaming video streaming applications have received much attention, passive gaming video streaming, in-spite of its huge success and growth in recent years, has seen much less interest from the research community. For the continued and future growth of such services, the end user gaming quality of experience must be controlled and maximized to ensure user acceptance. A study investigating this issue was published in IEEE Access (2019).
Martini's research in multimedia quality of service and experience has been adopted by:
Research by Kingston University into methods for building ubiquitous Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs), quality of service in streaming, and machine learning have led to: